SLR15 AR-15 / M-16 / M-4 / AR308 Armorer Course
When: September 12-13, 2019
Where: Oregon Ohio Police Dept (Toledo, OH)
We conducted a 2-day (16-hour) AR-15 / M-16 / M-4 Armorer Course that was hosted by the Oregon OH Police Department. This was our first time teaching at this Police Dept, and we look forward to coming back for another course.
The training room had great lighting, which is always appreciated when working with small gun parts. The room offered plenty of space and tables, which allowed everyone to spread out. There was also a large screen and projection system and several HDTV's that allowed us to show animated graphics of the weapons system, powerpoint detailed pics of gun parts, and especially when looking at finer detail things like machining, stress cracks & wear.
The student base was all Law Enforcement Officers from Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Rifles represented in this course were Bushmaster, Colt, Sig Sauer, Springfield Saint's, Daniel Defense, LWRC, Bravo Company, DPMS, Rockriver, Smith & Wesson, Windham Weaponry, Palmetto State Armory, a GA Precision AR308 Sniper Rifle, and a few custom builds.
Day-1 started the day by going through the course manual that all students are given. Students were supplied with their own set of basic tools that are necessary to do 95% of the work on their rifles (short of restocking and rebarreling, of which wrenches and sometimes fixtures are necessary), Slip2000 "EWL" Extreme Weapons Lubricant and #725 Cleaner Degreaser, etc. A short session of nomenclature was covered, at which time covered every feature and exterior piece of the rifle to include all the hidden design features that most people are not aware of, and everyone prepped the rifles for disassembly work. Everyone was taught the procedure series of checks that we recommend.
Everyone was taught our recommended way to field strip a rifle, and why we do it this way so as not to cause damage, premature wear or stress on anything. We covered maintenance of where and what to clean, and what needs lubrication to keep it running. We showed why not to use the firing pins as tools. We showed everyone our recommendation of how to remove fouling and why, and everyone got to use our methods.
The entire bolt carrier assembly was covered, to include inspections, maintenance, upgrades, 3 types of gas rings, and differences in finishing and machining. carrier key (gas key) installation and staking, ejector systems, etc. Everyone was introduced to the different types of gas rings. We went through what each types does, and their proper installation order.
Note: We went through proper carrier key staking. Upon inspection two Springfield Saint's were found to not be staked. Several people found their gas keys were lightly staked, where the staking wasn't touching the screws on a DPMS, Rockriver, Bushmaster, Smith & Wesson, and Palmetto State Armory. We supplied everyone with a MOACKS and Sully Gas Key Staking Tools, everyone decided to use the Sully Gas Key Staking Tool and get things corrected.
Note: One Officers Bushmaster had a broken had broken ejector spring, we see this occasionally. We recommend that these are pulled annually at a minimum, which allows the assembly to be cleaned, inspected for stress, and lubricated. We supplied them with new springs to get them back into proper service.
We got into the lower receiver assemblies, starting with the fire control group (trigger group). We teach this in a building block format, starting with baby steps of getting things out and in, then build into how things work. Everyone learned how to install and remove things so you don't cause damage. We went through detailed inspections of all the sear engagement surfaces, spring types, single stage, and two stage trigger systems. At the end of the day everyone put their rifles back together, making sure that everything was in proper working order.
Day-2 started with a review of everything that was covered on day-1, with some greater details and myths covered. We then went back into trigger groups in great details, covering single stage, 2-stage, good and bad triggers, differences and options in spring systems, diagnosing problems when semi-auto turns into burst, and showing the differences in quality of triggers that are on the market. Once done with semi-auto trigger systems, we went into select fire trigger groups covering full-auto and burst trigger groups, to include replacement and diagnosing and repairs when experiencing malfunctions.
After trigger systems, we went through the rest of the lower receivers. Everyone in this class had collapsible stocks. We covered the proper mounting & gauging, and proper castle nut staking. Everyone stripped their lower receivers, which allowed a chance for further inspections, and we went through a session on troubleshooting. Once everyone was comfortable with the entire lower receiver assembly, the were put back together, inspected, and made sure everything is in proper working order.
We then got into a session on the timing. This is where we cover proper cycling, covering what effects timing, and how & what happens when it is out or proper time, dwell time, suppressor issues, etc, and how to get things into proper timing. This also led us into piston systems. There were two LWRC piston rifles in this class, which gave us the opportunity to cover go through how the piston system works, break down and maintenance of the system (Yes piston systems do get dirty and have to be cleaned and maintained), how to properly adjust for timing changed, and trouble shooting. We also covered dwell time, and how it pertains to cycling issues, and hopefully got the point across of why we do not recommend barrel lengths shorter that 11.5" on unsuppressed rifles.
Note: One Officer brought his GA Precision 308 Sniper Rifle to class, stating that he was having cycling issues with it. After going through the timing part of the class, he believes it is failing to eject. Upon inspection, it appeared that the problem was possibly caused by it being bone dry, and he had also messing with the adjustable gas block (not understanding how it adjusts or what that effects). We gave him the idea of loading one round at a time in a magazine, and shoot it to see if the bolt carrier assembly would lock back on the empty magazine, repeat while adjusting the gas block for more gas until he can get it to reliably lock back, then try multiple rounds from there, and see if he can get it to run reliably once he gets enough gas flowing. He decided he would take our suggestion and go the range after wetting things down, then slowly open up the gas system until it cycles.
The last half of day-2 was spent on the upper receiver assembly. We covered barrel removal, mounting, fixturing, gauging & inspections. We show numerous ways to fixture a barrel into a vise, and our preference as to which fixtures/methods to use when and how. We showed how to mount, then properly torque and gauge the barrel system, which ensures it is in proper working order. A couple of students took advantage of having access to the tools and hands on instruction by pulled and remounted their barrels.
At the end of the day everyone put their rifles back together, everything was inspected and gauged to make sure it was in proper working order. Everyone did chamber inspections, checked & gauged the four gas seals, firing pin protrusion, trigger press, and headspace.
Here is a brief overview of a few things that were covered:
History of the Weapon
Cycles of Function
General Disassembly & Assembly
Identification of Common Problems and Parts
Identification of Group Components
Semi, Burst, and Full Auto Parts and Conversions
Complete Armoring Disassembly / Assembly
Cleaning and Maintenance
Sight and Distance Considerations
Barrel: Twist, Length, and Profiles
Gas Systems & Piston Systems
Parts Interchangeability, including Brands
Firing Pin Protrusion
Chamber Inspection and Issues
Troubleshooting, diagnosis & repair
Gauging, Inspections, Stress & Interval Issues
Accessories and Customizing
Tool Options and Selection
SOP/MOD Accessories and Additions